Great Discoveries in Physics by Women
Throughout human history, women have always been something of a wonder. Coy but surprisingly resilient, they nurture and protect the world in varying aspects. But here is something most people never think about: Women too have played a significant role in shaping the vast world of science. More so in the field of Physics. Now some badass female physicists have, over the past century, helped build Physics into what it is today. How may you ask? Through their world-altering discoveries and contributions to the field. This write-up features such women while highlighting their various inventions. You might be a bit thrown back by what you read down below.
1. Pulsars in the year 1967, Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered some unusual signals while working under her advisor, Dr. Anthony Newish. Only a postgraduate student at the time, she had stumbled upon what is now widely known as radio pulsars. Unfortunately, she was excluded from the list of recipients of the 1974 Nobel Prize awarded in honor of the discovery. This caused quite an uproar with many vehemently criticizing her exclusion. She, however, took the omission with grace and pressed on to make more contributions in the field.
2. Dark Matter- This might come as a shock to many, but yes, dark matter was first detected by a woman. Back in the late 70's, an avid astronomer by the name Vera Rubin noticed something bizarre in the spiral rotation of the Andromeda Galaxy. Her observation became the very first direct evidence pointing to dark matter. Although several vague references had been made to the substance previously, Rubin's printouts were a palpable verification of the existence of this hypothetical form of matter.
3. Spread Spectrum Technology Meet Hedy Lamarr. She's a silver-screen sensation who's as striking as she is smart. And guess what, she's one of the reasons why you now have access to Wi-Fi, GPS, and other wireless operations. During the world war two, Hedy helped co-invent a Secret Communications System that was intended to help battle the Nazis. This system would later pave way for wireless digital communication in the form of fax machines and even cellular phones. However, the 1940's invention was not implemented until the 1960's when it was finally incorporated in the US military naval ships.
4. Disapproval of the Principle of Parity Conversion takes guts to stand up and claim a long-held principle in any field as false. Chien-Shiung Wu did just that During one of her experiments, she was able to prove that the principle of parity conversion does not work in weak subatomic interactions. The discovery was a bit of a game changer in the physics world and even earned her a Nobel Prize. Up to date, she is recognized as one of the best experimental physicists of her time Besides that, she was a renowned professor and even took part in the Manhattan Project.
The strength of a woman should never be underestimated. For the longest time, female scientists made incredible discoveries which would often be overshadowed by those their male counterparts. Nevertheless, some of their inventions have single-handedly changed the world and should be regarded with enormous tribute.