INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY/ASTROPHYSICS
SCI 201 -

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. Kuiper Belt + Oort cloud.
SADLY PLUTO IS not a planet anymore ! Its a dwarf planet. :-((
TEXBOOKS for this class:

The Cosmos: Astronomy in the New Millennium (with AceAstronomy(TM), Virtual Astronomy Labs Printed Access Card) [Paperback]

Jay M. Pasachoff (Author), Alex Filippenko (Author)

Cosmic Perspective Fundamentals, Jeffrey O. Bennett, Megan Donahue,
Nicholas O Schneider, Mark Voit -
PEARSON

workbook: Lecture-tutorials for introductory astronomy , Addison-Wesley    APPLETS for Astronomy  APPLET for iphone to find the stars        Android applet

excellent  lecture notes here.

reference for this class:
Alex Filippenko BEST LECTURES,  BEST BOOK and BEST LECTURER
coupons for the dvd (great courses)



many of the slides come from your books. educational use only.

LINKS FOR THIS CLASS:                                                                                                                                                                     
sky of the month   SKY of the MONTH
  google EARTH download   CONVERSIONon line   CALCULATOR    search engine Math/Sciences          BLOG about Astro         animations  (use search)
PICTURE OF THE DAY           milky way videos    COMICS: DARK MATTER       Utube: death of the Unniverse
NEWS:
new planet ?  giant asteroid heading the EArth   CERES news (see also unit1 slides + pic in Astro10)  how to get rid of the space junk ?
supernova 2014J in M82     cloud of a brown dwarf    


                                                                                                                                                                                    BRING A SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR
LECTURE NOTES + TOPICS covered:

exoplanet

The distant exoplanet TrES-2b,



red shift = expansion

greatest blunder of Einstein



BRING A SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR
UNIT 1= tour of the class - distance and time in the Universe
  INTRO to the class :   video: stars of the universe: grand tour - watch the whole movie. (20 minutes)  
lecture 1 notes   scale universe  distance planets in AUS + slide scale in the Universe
from my computer:
- INTRO to the class :  
- video light years, milky way .. intro EArth in the Universe (Britannica)
- video expanding universe part 1
-see the biggest star known to man
- video the known universe from natural museum
- video biggest star known

- video Charles and Ray Eames Powers of 10 ) or a new version made by Alex Fillipenko in Understanding the Universe
other links:
image: Andromeda is 2 1/2 million light years away. 100,000 light year across/   merger between 2 galaxies  Andromeda + milky way /
brief tour of Universe video        short movie scale in the Universe   
 relative size of planets and stars (images) / applet scale in the Universe /scale in the univerese online applet / other java applet for scale in the universe /  / How to find distance of objects. to be studied later / large scale structure in the Universe / time scale /   History of the Universe / video how big object can get in space/  

assignment : scales in the Universe

Kepler's 3rd law, angular distance

p orbital period, a orbital distance. in most cases: Mstar >> Mplanet

UNIT2  = brief history 

LAB1 video history of Astronomy with Bill Nye + QUIZ  (week 1)
How Tycho really died ?
lecture2    lecture part I   notes part II  

assignment2: history
LAB2: parallax and scale solar system slides
website: understanding parallax
see movie from folder lecture 9




UNIT3 = Keplers laws
LAB3  Kepler and the orbit of Mars (hand-out) 
 intro slides
Kepler law's / newton's unification  kepler's 2nd law
  polar graph
what happen if you forget Newton's laws in space.



UNIT4=constellations, star locator
LAB4 : star and planet locator +..     slides  WATCH MOVIE night sky from lec4
applet:   
constellation  
earth seasons   seasons equinox     zodiac
constellations  constellation 3  seasons  celestial sphere location of stars  
celestial sphere    seasons
  applet seasons  Sun path   phases of the Moon  applet (source here:  phases applet)

latitude    applet celestial sphere    
zenith      ecliptic     applets to look at    planet location by constellation  more



adaptive optics
EM spectrum
UNIT 5 :   optics and telescopes, the tools of astronomy

 lecture3 notes    
see video from streaming discovery (2)
hubble telescope      pillars of creaction   jupiter triple eclipse    twinkling of stars
applet refracting telescope   applet lens     applet reflecting telescope  applet refracting telescope
 (more about telescopes)    video Golden Eye radio telescope  
 understand nearsighted/farsighted      converging lens   largest telescopes
    
 
lab5 telescope  







solar system

UNIT 6 :  solar system an overview and  formation   -
  lecture 4 notes 
movie=Earth science/solar system, from discovery channel 20
recycling  solar eclipse    why venus and uranus weird   lunar eclipse
       tilt of the Earth/seasons    tides    spring tides /neap tides  source
formation of the solar system   nebula hypothesis 1     part2     
 planetscomets and other debris.   excellent artist's review of planets  planets more info    rotation of Venus
 NEAR landing on EROS  Asteroid Ida and its moon 
Io made of pizza ?highly volcanic sulfur spew out  Europa oxygen atmosphere, liquid slushy water under ice, life? ganymede    (third moon)
   Callisto the most cratered moon. very old
   saturn rings   Titan, SAturn moon has methane lakes and rain or drizzle of methane  only object suspected to have liquid on its surface video on Titan   Enceladus SAturn moon. water geyser, thin crust easy to dig, ice and water. life ?  Enceladus  active geyser of water maybe life The planet Uranus was discovered by William Herschel on March 13, 1781 / Neptune Discovered by, Johann Gotfried Galle. September 23, 1846  mimas, death star ?  Uranus moon  Miranda and FRankenstein Uranus moon       uranus orbit     Triton  moon of Neptune ice volcanoes  RECENT NEWS: mission DAWN around the 330 miles asteriod VESTA. ext stop: CERES (dwarf planet)

lab 6 Eratosthenes  with: video Carl Sagan  video2 to watch before labs 
optional: size of the Sun


UNIT 7   catastrophic collision     

  lecture 5 note    
huge asteroid being watched    here too  
death of dinosaurs.   oort cloud and scattered disk    kuiper belt  eris orbit  eris compared to Pluto and moon. Eris was called Xena
and its moon gabrielle. they changed to Eris and dysmonia
peekskill meteorite (meteoroids = space, meteor=shooting star, meteorite)   , meteor crater,  from asteroid belt yucattan peninsula chicxulub cater     extinction
video shoemaker comet  toyota commercial   meteor crater   preventing collision
lab= video NOVA deep space from universe
 

EM spectrm       EM spectrum3
EM spectrum
UNIT  8: light  , electromagnetism spectrum (not in the book)
  lecture6 notes  
        visual spectrum of objects  explore the EM applet very good    2 movies from discovery   NASAmissions   groovy movie from NASA 
(see my folder)    list of NASAmissions    more an EM waves properties   light is made of photons (individual photons collect in the pin hole camera) orion in different wavelengths   

UNIT 9 : atoms and starlight, spectra = fingerprints of atoms- spectroscopy

lecture7 notes 
     emission lines vs absorption lines        movie spectroscopy Bill Nye (2:45)    (signature of atoms 3 minutes)  spectra of some  atoms    
 see video 27:10 fingerprints of atoms from the serie " understanding the Universe " by Alex Filippenko, TTC publisher
see movie youtube on spectrum ofthe  stars. hydrogen and helium spectra  excellent applet to understand  absorption lines
     emission lines      emission lines per element          and here too
======================================
applet blackbody/appearance     Power vs T         applet BB radiation, absorption lines 
applet black body    applet absorption lines  + BB radiation
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the physics behind it :  levels of energy bohr model/absorption lines
another animation hydrogen atom + excellent websit         LAB 7 emission spectra 




UNIT  10: What are the stellar parameters ? How did we derive them ? how to use them ?
 HR diagram = classify the stars (info about life cycle, mass, luminosity, temperature, size
)
doppler shift = apparent shift in frequency due to relative motion of objects.
black body curve = temperature, color,  luminosity, binary star = mass, mass  = size
mass = life cycle,  Luminosity + brightness = distance  (using standard candles)
or distance can be found using parallax or using Hubble's law.
lecture8 notes   doppler effect    doppler effect  funny video doppler
    http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0072482621/59233/27_5.htm for exoplanet
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applet  expansion of Universe raisin  
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applet inverse square law  inverse square law magnitude scale  applet luminosity versus temperature and size
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H-R diagram how a cluster evolves with time applet binary star   applet binary systen and see saw applet binay stars    binary star (sirius)
more on binary stars  more on binary systems   study guide: how to compute masses of stars in binary system
  lab8: The inverse square law

Hubble's law

supernova type I as standard
 candle


UNIT  11: How to find distances of distant stars , the distance ladder, Hubble'slaw

  lecture9 notes
       cepheid stars how to find distance video (story of Henrietta  Leavitt)
      video:  variable stars   cepheid stars animation     cepheid stars another video  (story)     nice video why the sky is black
see video Hubble's law  raisin bread applet expanding universe  
Vesto Slipher from Lowell Observatory , Az was the first one to observe the redshifts (not Hubble)
Lemaitre is the one who made the connection expansion-Big Bang (not Hubble)
Henritta Leavitt is the one who discovered that cepheid variables can be used as standard candles (used by Hubble)






UNIT 12  : The Sun and stellar parameters again

lecture10 notes    see videos first
 movie 2: Nemesis from discovery channel see videos too
photos of Sun in x-rays, UV .. chromosphere  photosphere     video: sunspots: from GAlileo to SOHO
    video SOHO/TRACE     corona explosion   Sun rotating   solar prominence   solar flare2
Nemesis an " evil twin" video. (Dr. Richard Muller developed this theory)  video magnetic field of the sun GREAT MOVIE  
   great photos and animations      video: stars of the universe: the Sun (streaming discovery 20mn)   coronal mass ejection
          prominence    website for more     fusion (source of energy of the future?)
                     
LAB9: Sun

exoplanets
wobble of a star circular motion
wobble of a star ellipical motion
applet binay stars
binary system
UNIT 13: extra solar planets/exoplanets 

lecture 11 notes   

Kepler 78B 2013           very good : understanding the universe #38:the quest for extra solar planet .../13.35 
ways exoplanets are detected 

 
lab 10 : exoplanet    

4forces
bindingenergy

UNIT 14  : age of stars , formation fusion

 lecture12
more about fusion in the Sun animation;: from protostar to main sequence
fusion reaction in stars fusion H-R diagram how a cluster evolves with time    evolution with time globular cluster,  SONGformation:  movie
      videos  from discovery : a star is born  

website: life of star
stellar evolution poster
deathofstars
fusion shells really small stars
(less then 0.4 Msun)
fusion shells small stars
(the sun up to 8 Ms. for M>1.5Ms
it's the CNO cyle and not the pp cycle)
between 4Ms and 8Ms.
oxygen/ magnesium/neon core

fusion shells big stars
(larger then 10Ms. )
for M <0.08 Ms we have a brown dwarf
clik
UNIT 15 fate of our Sun from a white star to red giant to white dwarf ,
fate of other stars

lecutre 13 notes    from Sun to white dwarf
lecture 13 Part II 
  evolution  of sun  artist's view = what will happen to earth     red giant     red giant=cosmic burp,   exploxion       red giant Sun
see videos from discovery
----------------------------------supernova type IA    supernova neutron star  video explosion supernovae I   video remnants of supernovae   another TYPEI video   supernovae type IA
  supernova explosion          
animation video   video ping pong on basket ball     neutron stars
article neutron star detected/gamma burst
 


universe is expanding

black holes        
black hole, black hole jetsanimation wrapping of space-time  worm hole, inside a black hole    
photos of black holes !!  
news
lab 11: video: black hole : the ultimate abyss  QUIZ  


 


The universe is flat


galaxies and cosmology (in construction)
slides cosmology from book cosmic perspective
galaxies      milky way,    milky way constellation, , milky way,    cluster of galaxies    milky way from Bolivie source: webiste
cosmic background radiation    big blang  (Michio kaku)   , big bang         gravitational lensing  


  
In astronomy and some other fields, you can not apply the scientific method.
hytpothesis <-> controlled experiments <-> understanding and theory
Astronomy is based on observations. You can't do experiments in space.
the process is :
observations <-> classification <-> interpretation = story or scenario then exatrpolation to other situations.
LINKS:astropphysics/cosmology
lecture on line
lectures from Berkeley University very good
online lectures:
http://www.oswego.edu/~kanbur/a100/syllabus04a.html
NASA educational website
excellent website. all the formula you need, nice compact encyclopedia
exoplanets + images + resources
podcasts
lecture notes excellent
http://cas.sdss.org/dr7/en/ : data
applets
applets astronomy
applets astro
applets astro

lecture notes, very good
other lectures notes (assignments)
more notes
http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/~wynnwill/110/synopsis.htm
http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/doppler.htm
http://genesismission.jpl.nasa.gov/educate/scimodule/moduleoverview.html excellent
good lectures
http://ircamera.as.arizona.edu/NatSci102/NatSci102/syllabus/syllabus.htm
http://skyserver.sdss.org/dr1/en/proj/basic/universe/redshifts.asp
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/
very interesting website about cosmology
astronomy 103
history of space flight
astronomy 102
astronomy 162 (applets)
astronomy/geology/meteorology
lecture notes
lecture 13:
lectures notes
lecture notes
labs
website for HS
introductory